Synonym > Pygmaeopremna herbacea Moldenke.
Family > Verbenaceae.
Habitat > The sub-tropical Himalayas and in Assam, extending southwards through West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa into Deccan Peninsula. Roots are usually confused with those of Clerodendrum serratum and are sold as Bhaarangi.
Siddha/Tamil > Siru Thekku.
Folk > Gethiaa, Ghantu Bhaarangi. Baaman-haati (Bengal). Fruits are known as Bhuumi-jambu, Phin Jaamun. The root is known as Bhaarangamuula; in Andhra Pradesh, Gandu Bhaarangi.
Action > Root and leaves—given in asthma, rheumatism.
The root contains several diterpe- noids. Quinonemethide (bharangin) is reported from the plant. controlling the activity of the adreno- corticotropic hormone.
Dosage > Leaf, root bark—50- 100 ml decoction, powder—1-3 g. (CCRAS.)