PREMNA HERBACEA

09.02.2020

Roxb.

Synonym > Pygmaeopremna herbacea Moldenke.

Family > Verbenaceae.

Habitat > The sub-tropical Himalayas and in Assam, extending southwards through West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa into Deccan Peninsula. Roots are usually confused with those of Clerodendrum serratum and are sold as Bhaarangi.

Siddha/Tamil > Siru Thekku.

Folk > Gethiaa, Ghantu Bhaarangi. Baaman-haati (Bengal). Fruits are known as Bhuumi-jambu, Phin Jaamun. The root is known as Bhaarangamuula; in Andhra Pradesh, Gandu Bhaarangi.

Action > Root and leaves—given in asthma, rheumatism.

The root contains several diterpe- noids. Quinonemethide (bharangin) is reported from the plant. controlling the activity of the adreno- corticotropic hormone.

Dosage > Leaf, root bark—50- 100 ml decoction, powder—1-3 g. (CCRAS.)

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