Family > Solanaceae.

Habitat > Native to tropical America; cultivated in Indian gardens in Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu; also grows in moist places as a weed.

Action > Plant—diuretic.

salin B and F have been isolated from the ethanolic extract of the whole plant. Both physalin B and F are reported to inhibit the growth of several human leukaemia cell systems.

Aerial parts yielded seco-withano- lides—cleaved steroidal constituents containing physalins. In Taiwan, phy-

Family > Solanaceae.

Habitat > Throughout India, ascending up to 2,300 m.

English > Sun-berry.

Ayurvedic > Tankaari, Parpotikaa, Chirapotikaa.

Siddha/Tamil > Sodakku thakkali.

Action > Berries—diuretic, aperient, alterative. Used for gout and urinary diseases.

Quercetin 3-O-galactoside, isolated from the crude extract of the leaves, is reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity comparable to phenylbutazone in carageenan-induced rat paw oedema.

Physalis minima Linn. var indica C. B. Clarke is common weed in irrigated fields and bunds.

The plant contains withasteroids, physalindicanols, withaminimin and withaphysalin, 3-O-glucosides of kaempferol and quercetin, in addition to beta-sitosterol and its glucoside.

The diuretic action of Physalis minima leaves is attributed to the high content of potassium nitrate (8-10%).

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