Synonym > A. salviifolium (Linn. f.) Wang.
Family > Alangiaceae.
Habitat > The drier parts of India, in plains and foothills of southern India.
Ayurvedic > Ankola, Ankota, Taamraphala, Guptasneha, Dirgha- keelaka.
Siddha/Tamil > Azinjil.
Action > Rootbark—astringent, spasmolytic, hypotensive, also diaphoretic and antipyretic. Leaves— hypoglycaemic. Fruits—acidic, astringent, laxative and refrigerant. Used in haemorrhages, strangury and consumption. The bark is used as a substitute for Cephaelis ipecacuanha. It is a rich source of alkaloids structurally related to ipecac alkaloids (emetin).
The bark contains the alkaloid alan- gine which shows a selective action of the parasympathetic mechanism, the action being more marked on gastrointestinal tract. The root extract shows hypotensive action. Flowers contain deoxytubulosine, a potent antiplatelet aggregation component, which has a strong binding with DNA.
The plant extract possesses antineo- plastic properties.
Dosage > Rootbark—1-2 g powder. (CCRAS.)