Question:- How to become a millionaire by retirement?
Answer:- Many people often wonder what steps they should take enabling them to have $1 million at the time of retirement. That target of $1 million is often within the reach of many who start saving early in life, make wise and careful investments and don’t withdraw funds prematurely. Here’s how to become a millionaire by retirement.
Start saving early in your career: Though it may look tough to begin the process of saving soon after you get your first job as one is usually required to pay back student loans, this is the most effortless way to be a millionaire by your retirement. You should understand with each passing year, your capacity to save gets reduced due increased expenses. It’s not difficult to understand the benefits of starting savings early in life. On beginning to save nearly $4830 per year, starting at age 25, you’ll have $1 million by the time you are 65 years of age, considering a yearly return of seven percent after having paid fees. On the other hand, if you get started on reaching forty years, you’ll need to save nearly $15,240 /annum for the same age of retirement and the same rate of return. You may even start saving smaller amounts and augment your savings as you collect bonuses and salary raises. At age 20, you may be able to save just $100/month, but by the time you are in your early thirties the habit would have grown with you, prompting you to save double the amount, meaning $200. The process of saving is akin to building muscles. Starting early with small sums, allows you to build the saving muscle.
Choose investments with low expense: The fees you pay via your 401(k) plan reduce return on your investment. On contributing nearly $7,795 every year for 35 years to your 401(k) accounts you’ll have $1 million, with an assumed annual return of seven percent and an expense of 0.5%. If the fees were higher by one percent, meaning 1.5%, you’ll be required to save $9,690 for each year to be a millionaire after 35 years, meaning an extra yearly expense of $1,895. Moral of the story is that one needs to look for investment option having low expense. The less you pay towards fees, taxes and penalties, the more you’ll have to save and invest.
Get a match: On getting a 401(k) match, you’ll become richer at much faster rate than if you were on your own. Let’s say your employer contributes $1,500/year towards your 401(k). Making an annual additional contribution of $5,475 to the same account for 35 years allows you to be a millionaire. In the absence of any contribution from the employer, you would have made enhanced contribution of $$6,975/year. But you have to check the granting rights given by your employer. Unless you remain totally invested in that plan, you may not be able to retain contribution of employer in your retirement account. Some employers may demand you to be with them for 5-6 years before allowing you to retain their contributions in your retirement account.
Cover gaps in your retirement benefits: Saving for your retirement becomes a lot more difficult if you get laid off, change your jobs or take time off your job. On getting the next job, you may be required to wait for sometime before you could join 401(k) plan or get a 401(k) match. To fill in such gaps, you may be required to keep saving in an IRA or a taxable investment account till you are qualified for a new retirement plan at job. Try saving outside the job an amount equal to what your jobs allow you to save. Otherwise, you’ll need to save additional mounts in advance of retirement.
No premature withdrawals: Among the biggest obstructions when you want to become a millionaire by retirement is withdrawing funds from your 401(K) prior to retirement. On withdrawing funds from that account you are required to pay income tax on the amount withdrawn. On withdrawing before 59½ years, you have to face a penalty of ten percent. When you take out $10,000 from your 401(k) plan at 40 years and happen to be in 25% tax bracket, you’ll lose $3,500 by way of taxes and penalties. You’ll reach your target sooner if you don’t make any premature withdrawals and thus avoid penalties and taxes on your funds till retirement. It’s best to avoid removing funds from your 401(k) on changing jobs by rolling cash to an IRA or 401(k) plan of new employer or just leaving it in your old 401(k). You’ll find it helpful to create an emergency fund other than your retirement account and use the same for any financial emergency.
Balance safety and growth: For an average investor, lacking experience, 401(k) portfolio can’t be expected to do better than the stock market every year. So, they should aim to achieve an average stock market growth. Well, there are investors who manage to get up to twenty percent return, but that’s not everybody’s cup of tea. The logical way to getting average rate of return is to keep investing and stay invested for longer periods. You need to have a reasonably good investment strategy comprising of mix of bonds, stocks and cash as per your level of risk tolerance.
Enhance your savings after your children become independent: Increase your savings after your children’s education: Here’s the last but very practical way telling you how to become a millionaire by retirement. After your children have finished their education and become self-supporting, you’ll find that you can enhance your savings for retirement. Generally, people don’t have lots of money when children are at school. Sometime between your 50th-60th birthdays you’ll find that you have surplus cash for investing. Invest that money prudently and you’ll be closer to your target of being a millionaire by retirement.